What is anterograde amnesia? Alzheimer's Disease Gradually Losing the Ability to Remember What part of the brain is Biological bases influence the learning, memory, and motivation. They have argued that memory is located in specific parts of the brain, and specific neurons can be recognized for their involvement in forming memories. If lacking in glutamate, Alzheimer's disease is at high risk. Our goal will be to understand the strategies and techniques biologists use to search for the memory trace: the "holy grail" of modern neuroscience. Quiz What was the outcome of Karl Lashley's research on memory? Biological Basis of Memory:- We know that memory is the process by which we encode, store and retrieve information. In this course, students will explore the concept that learning and memory have a physical basis that can be observed as biochemical, physiological and/or morphological changes to neural tissue. The amygdala is involved in fear and fear memories. The Limbic System. The main parts of the brain involved with memory are the amygdala, the hippocampus, the cerebellum, and the prefrontal cortex (). The Biological Basis of Behavior Chapter 2 Neurons: The Messengers About 100 billion neurons (nerve cells) in the human brain Neurons have many of the same features as other cells Nucleus Cytoplasm Cell membrane What makes neurons unique is their shape and function Structure of Neurons Dendrites Carry information to the cell body from other neurons Cell Body (Soma) Contains nucleus … What is the question researchers posed that involved them using simple memory task and fMRI? The limbic system is the area of the brain most heavily implicated in emotion and memory. First, the Nucleotide Rearrangement Theory states that chemical changes in the body are linked to learning. Key Terms of the Biological Basis of Behaviour 22. Biological Basis of Psychology Intro Psychology Georgia Tech Instructor: Dr. Bruce Walker Today •Structures involved in thinking •Functioning •Organization Recall the “Machine” Analogy •The brain is the key to cognition ... 03-biological-basis.ppt Author: Bruce Walker The biological factors is very important because it is controlling our behaviour .We might not be able to understand behaviour without an understanding of our biological makeup. Emotions can be explained in biological and neurological terms. Learning and memory enhance in trained rats as their cortical RNA increases. Summary of the Biological Basis of Behaviour 23. Review Questions for Biological Basis of Behaviour MEMORY Psychology Group Presentation Biological basis of memory Neurons Neurons can show history-dependent behavior by responding differently as a function of prior input and this plasticity of nerve cells and synapses is the basis of memory. Parts of the Nervous System 20. The limbic system, autonomic nervous system, and reticular activating system all interact to assist the body in experiencing and processing emotions. Introduction to Biological Basis of Behaviour 18. Serotonin- This is related to many functions such as mood, memory, sleep, There are two theories that explain the cellular basis of learning and memory. Cells of the Nervous System 19. With advances in technology in the 1940s, the field of neuropsychology emerged and with it a biological basis for theories of encoding. Biological Theories. Objectives of the study: Basically this study aims to 1. The Brain and Spinal Cord 21. 14.5: Biological Basis of Memory Neurotransmitters Jasmine Glutamate- Helpful in synapses in the brain that are necessary for memory storage.